What to Do After Your PhD? Post PhD Career Guide

Navigate the post-PhD career landscape with our comprehensive guide. Explore diverse career options, develop essential skills, and make informed decisions for a fulfilling career beyond academia.

Derek Pankaew

What to Do After Your PhD? Post PhD Career Guide

Congratulations on reaching this significant milestone in your academic journey! Completing a doctoral degree is a remarkable achievement that opens up a world of possibilities for PhD graduates, including postdoctoral positions, industry roles, and entrepreneurship. However, as you transition from the world of academia to the professional realm, it’s natural to feel uncertain about what steps to take next. This blog post is designed to serve as your comprehensive guide to navigating the post-PhD landscape and exploring the diverse array of career opportunities available to you.

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Self-Assessment and Reflection for PhD Students

Self-assessment is a critical first step for PhD graduates considering their next career moves. Reflecting on your skills, interests, and values will help you identify the best career path for your individual circumstances.

Identify Your Strengths and Weaknesses

Reflect on your strengths and weaknesses, as well as any areas of expertise you have developed through your research projects and academic pursuits. Taking proactive steps in shaping your own career is crucial for long-term success.

Example: Consider whether you enjoy teaching and mentoring others, conducting research, working in a team, or leading projects. Reflect on whether you prefer a structured environment like academia or a more dynamic setting like industry.

Assess Your Career Interests

Understanding what excites and motivates you is essential. Are you passionate about data science, project management, software engineering, science journalism, digital marketing, education, public health, or industrial chemistry? These fields offer diverse career opportunities for PhD holders.

Example: Reach out to professionals working in different fields to learn more about their career paths and day-to-day responsibilities. Attend industry-specific events or workshops to gain insights into different sectors and job opportunities. Remember that not every PhD student continues in academia, and there are diverse career paths available.

Exploring Career Options for PhD Graduates

PhD graduates have a wide array of career options available to them, both within academia and beyond the university itself. It is crucial to explore these options thoroughly to make an informed decision about your future.

Academic Career Paths

If you are considering an academic career, postdoctoral positions, adjunct faculty roles, and assistant professor positions are common pathways. Academic jobs often require a comprehensive and lengthy academic CV, showcasing your research projects, publications, and teaching experience.

Example: Apply for postdoc positions in research institutions or universities where your expertise can be further developed. Networking with senior researchers and attending academic conferences can also provide valuable opportunities.

Industry Career Paths

Beyond academia, many PhD graduates find fulfilling careers in industry roles. Fields such as data science, project management, software engineering, finance and digital marketing are particularly welcoming to PhD holders due to their strong analytical thinking and problem-solving skills.

Example: Explore roles in the public sector, commercial employers, and the publishing industry. Positions in industrial chemistry, public health, social sciences and intellectual property are also viable options for PhD graduates.

Entrepreneurship and Starting Your Own Business

For those interested in entrepreneurship, starting your own business can be a rewarding path. Your expertise and skills developed during your PhD can be valuable assets in launching a successful venture.

Example: Consider leveraging your research knowledge to develop innovative products or services. Seek mentorship from successful entrepreneurs and join startup incubators to gain valuable insights and support.

Networking and Building Connections for Early Career Researchers

Networking is a vital component of career development for early career researchers. Building a strong professional network can open up job opportunities, collaborations, and support throughout your career journey.

Attend Professional Events

Attend conferences, seminars, and networking events both within and outside academia to expand your professional network. Engaging with peers, mentors, and industry professionals through online platforms such as LinkedIn, Twitter, and professional networking groups can also be beneficial.

Example: Connect with alumni from your graduate school who have transitioned into various careers. Join professional organizations related to your field of interest and participate in online forums or discussion groups to engage with industry professionals.

Engage with Research Groups

Joining or leading a research project or group can provide valuable support and guidance. Engaging with a research group can help you develop and implement research projects effectively and connect with other researchers and professionals in your field.

Example: Participate in collaborative research projects and seek opportunities to present your work at conferences. These activities can enhance your visibility and reputation within your academic and professional communities.

Gaining Experience and Skill Development

Practical experience and skill development are crucial for PhD graduates transitioning into new career paths. Seek out opportunities to gain hands-on experience through internships, fellowships, or freelance projects.

Develop Transferable Skills

Transferable skills such as data analysis, project management, communication skills, and analytical thinking are highly valued across various industries. Enhancing these skills can significantly contribute to your career development.

Example: Volunteer to take on leadership roles in professional organizations or community projects. Enroll in online courses or workshops to develop new skills or enhance existing ones relevant to your desired career path.

Gain Industry-Specific Experience

Hands-on experience in your chosen field can make you a more competitive candidate. Internships, fellowships, and freelance projects are excellent ways to gain practical experience and build a robust professional portfolio.

Example: Apply for internships or fellowships in companies or organizations related to your field of interest. Freelance projects can also provide valuable experience and help you build a network of professional contacts.

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Crafting Application Materials

Tailoring your application materials is essential when applying for positions, whether in academia or industry. Highlight your research projects, academic achievements, and relevant skills for each academic position you apply to.

Academic CVs and Resumes

Academic CVs should emphasize your research projects, publications, teaching experience, and any awards or recognitions. For industry positions, focus on demonstrating your transferable skills, such as problem-solving, teamwork, and communication abilities.

Example: Provide specific examples of projects you’ve led or contributed to during your PhD that demonstrate your skills and expertise. Highlight any publications, presentations, or awards you’ve received related to your research.

Cover Letters

Your cover letter should complement your CV or resume by providing context to your achievements and explaining your interest in the position. Tailor each cover letter to the specific job and company, emphasizing how your background and skills make you a suitable candidate.

Example: Use the cover letter to explain how your academic background has prepared you for various career paths and challenges. Highlight your ability to tackle complex problems and work in teams.

Interview Preparation

Preparing for interviews is a critical step in the job application process. Research the company or organization thoroughly, familiarizing yourself with their mission, values, and recent projects or initiatives.

Practice Common Interview Questions

Practice answering common interview questions, focusing on articulating your research expertise, problem-solving abilities, and analytical thinking skills. Highlight your transferable skills and how they apply to the role you are interviewing for.

Example: Use the STAR (Situation, Task, Action, Result) method to structure your responses to behavioral interview questions. Prepare a list of questions to ask the interviewer that demonstrate your interest in the role and organization.

Mock Interviews

Participate in mock interviews to build confidence and improve your interview skills. Seek feedback from peers, mentors, or career advisors to identify areas for improvement.

Example: Schedule mock interviews with colleagues or use online resources to simulate the interview experience. Practicing in a realistic setting can help you perform better in actual interviews.

Making Decisions and Taking Action

Evaluating job offers and career opportunities involves considering various factors such as job stability, salary, benefits, location, and alignment with your long-term career goals.

Evaluate Job Offers

PhD graduates often find diverse opportunities in postdoctoral positions, industry roles, and entrepreneurship. Each path has its own advantages and challenges, so it’s essential to evaluate each offer carefully.

Example: Create a pros and cons list for each job opportunity you’re considering to help weigh the decision. Consider factors such as job stability, salary, benefits, location, and alignment with your long-term career goals.

Seek Advice and Support

Consider seeking advice from mentors, peers, and career advisors to gain additional perspective and insights. Talking to those who have gone through similar transitions can provide valuable guidance and support.

Example: Schedule informational interviews with professionals working in your desired field to learn more about their career paths and experiences. Mentors can offer valuable advice and help you navigate the decision-making process.


Completing a PhD is a significant accomplishment that opens up a world of possibilities for your future career. By engaging in self-assessment, exploring diverse career options, networking, gaining experience and skills, crafting effective application materials, preparing for interviews, and making informed decisions, you can successfully navigate the post-PhD job search process and embark on a rewarding career path.

Remember that the journey to finding your post-PhD career may be challenging at times, but with perseverance, determination, and a proactive approach, you can achieve your goals and build a fulfilling career that aligns with your interests, values, and aspirations in life. Best of luck on your post-PhD career journey!

Additionally, consider the benefits of joining or leading a research group, as it can provide young researchers with valuable support, networking opportunities, and guidance from senior academics. Engaging with your professional community and staying proactive in your career development will help you transition successfully from academia to your next professional chapter.

Additional Tips

  1. Stay Updated with Industry Trends: Keeping up with the latest trends and developments in your field can give you a competitive edge in the job market.
  2. Build an Online Presence: Creating a professional profile on platforms like LinkedIn can help you connect with potential employers and showcase your expertise.
  3. Consider Short-Term Projects: Freelance projects or consulting work can provide valuable experience and help you transition smoothly into a new career path.
  4. Seek Funding Opportunities: Applying for grants and funding can support your research projects and enhance your academic CV, making you a more attractive candidate for academic positions.
  5. Develop Soft Skills: Communication, teamwork, and leadership skills are crucial in any career.
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Post PhD Careers

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